Inflation hits 40-year high of 9% as cost of living crisis deepens


Inflation has hit its highest level in 40 years amid the deteriorating cost of living crisis.

The rate shot up to 9% last month – its highest level since comparable readings in 1982.

Data released by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) showed a broad-based hike in prices for everyday goods and services during April – with almost three-quarters of the increase accounted for by the unprecedented 54% increase in the energy price cap which kicked in at the start of the month.

The highest prices on record for both petrol and diesel were other major factors.

The headline consumer prices index (CPI) measure had stood at 7% in March as the immediate effects of Russia’s war in Ukraine filtered through to the likes of fuel forecourts.

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It was on top of existing inflation caused by the easing of COVID-19 restrictions that saw demand widely outstripping supply across the global economy.

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The main price shifts over the year to April:

• Natural gas – 95.5%

• Electricity – 53.5%

• Motor fuels – 31.4%

• Furniture and maintenance – 10.7%

• Restaurants and hotels – 8%

• Food and non-alcoholic drinks – 6.7%

ONS chief economist Grant Fitzner said of the price hikes: “Inflation rose steeply in April, driven by the sharp climb in electricity and gas prices as the higher price cap came into effect.

“Around three-quarters of the increase in the annual rate this month came from utility bills.”

He added: “Steep annual rises in the cost of metals, chemicals and crude oil also continued, along with higher prices for goods leaving factory gates. This was driven by increases for food products, transport equipment and metals, machinery and equipment.”

UK households were spared the worst of the jump in wholesale gas costs, first seen last summer, by the price cap mechanism as it is currently adjusted only twice a year – though that is soon about to change.

The average annual cost for gas and electricity under the cap rose by £693 on 1 April to £1,971 and is currently forecast to hit almost £2,600 in total at the next adjustment, due in October, signalling further misery ahead.

The Bank of England released updated forecasts earlier this month that inflation will top 10% later this year – with food prices set to provide greater upwards pressure due to crucial supplies of things like wheat being held up in war-torn Ukraine.

It has warned that the strain could result in a recession and surge in unemployment – intensifying pressure on the chancellor to provide further relief to consumers and businesses.

Rishi Sunak said in response to the dire ONS data: “Countries around the world are dealing with rising inflation.

“Today’s inflation numbers are driven by the energy price cap rise in April, which in turn is driven by higher global energy prices.

“We cannot protect people completely from these global challenges but are providing significant support where we can, and stand ready to take further action.

“We’re saving the average worker £330 a year through reducing National Insurance Contributions, changing Universal Credit to save over a million families around £1,000 a year, and providing millions of families with £350 each this year to help with their energy bills.”

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